The total population of Latvia is 1,929,938 people. The people of Latvia speak the Latvian language. The linguistic diversity of Latvia is quite diverse according to a fractionation scale, which is 0.5795 for Latvia. The average age is around 41.4 years. Life expectancy in Latvia is 73.78 years. The female fertility rate in Latvia is 1.6. About 25% of Latvia's population is obese. Ethnic diversity is quite diverse according to a fractionation scale, which is 0.5867 for Latvia. Details on the language, religion, age, gender distribution and advancement of the people of Latvia can be found in the sections below, as well as the section on education in the country.
In Latvia, the population density is 31 people per square kilometer (81 per square mile). Based on these statistics, this country is considered sparsely populated. The total population of Latvia is 1,929,938 people. Latvia has about 263,126 foreign immigrants. Immigrants in Latvia make up 0.2 percent of the total number of immigrants worldwide. Immigrants in Latvia make up 13.8 percent of the total number of immigrants worldwide. The ethnic diversity of Latvia is quite diverse according to a fractionation scale based on ethnicity. Ethnic fractionation (EF) is concerned with the number, size, socioeconomic distribution, and geographic location of different cultural groups, usually within a state or other defined area. Specific cultural characteristics can refer to language, skin color, religion, ethnicity, customs and traditions, history, or other distinctive criteria, alone or in combination. These characteristics are often used for social exclusion and power monopolization. The index of ethnic fractionation in Latvia is 0.5867. This means that there is a relatively large number of unique ethnic groups in Latvia. EF is usually measured as 1 minus the Herfindahl concentration index of ethnolinguistic group proportions, which reflects the probability that two randomly selected individuals from the population belong to different groups. The theoretical maximum of EF of 1 means that each person belongs to a different group. Below are statistics for Latvia on average age and gender distribution at different ages.
The median age is approximately 41.4 years. The median age for men is 38.4, while the median age for women is 44.3.
The sex ratio, or the number of males for each female (estimated at birth), is 1.05. It can be further divided into the following categories: sex ratio under 15 - 1.05; sex ratio from 15 to 64 - 0.95; sex ratio over 64 - 0.49; total sex ratio - 0.86. Total sex ratio is different from sex ratio estimated at birth. This is due to the fact that some newborns are considered in the sex ratio estimated at birth but pass away within the first weeks of their life and are not included in the total sex ratio.
The majority religion of Latvia is Christianity, the followers of which comprise 55.8% of all religious believers in the country. Christianity is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ as presented in the New Testament. Christianity is the world's largest religion, with over 2.4 billion adherents, known as Christians. Christians believe that Jesus is the Son of God and the savior of humanity whose coming as Christ or the Messiah was prophesied in the Old Testament. Besides Christianity, there are some followers of Buddhism in Latvia. The religious diversity of Latvia is rather diverse according to a fractionalization scale based on the number of religions in Latvia. The index of religious fractionalization in Latvia is 0.5556. This score means that there are several major religions distributed evenly within Latvia.
Latvia is considered to be a developed nation. The developmental stage of a nation is determined by a number of factors including, but not limited to, economic prosperity, life expectancy, income equality, and quality of life. As a developed nation, Latvia is able to provide its citizens with social services like public education, healthcare, and law enforcement. Citizens of developed nations enjoy a high standard of living and longer life expectancies than citizens of developing nations. In Latvia, 74 in every 100 people use internet. Latvia has a Human Development Index (HDI) of 0.81. Latvia has a high HDI score. This indicates that the majority of citizens will be able to attain a desirable life while providing substantial aid and assistance to citizens with lower living standards. The migration rate in Latvia is -6.26%. In Latvia, 22.5% of the population lives below the poverty line.